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CHARACTERISTICS OF EYE DISEASES IN CHILDREN THAT CAUSE BLINDNESS IN CICENDO EYE HOSPITAL PERIOD 2009

CHARACTERISTICS OF EYE DISEASES IN CHILDREN THAT CAUSE BLINDNESS IN CICENDO EYE HOSPITAL PERIOD 2009
FARHAN BIN HARIPAPBILAH
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A
descriptive retrospective study was conducted on December 2010 until April 2011
in Cicendo Eye Hospital, Bandung to know the characteristics of eye diseases in
children that cause blindness in Pediatric Polyclinic of Opthalmology
Department of Cicendo Eye Hospital. The study involved blind children aged from
0 until 14 years old. The data was collected from the medical record year 2009
from January until December. The characteristics chosen were the results of the
diagnosis, age and sex of the blind children. The data was analyzed based on
the physiology visual acuity test that had been conducted to the patients. WHO
defines blindness as a corrected visual acuity in the better eye of less than
3/60.

            From the findings, there are 78
cases of blindness which is 1.2% and 6320 cases of non-blind which is 98.8% of
children patients were recorded on year 2009. The major source of blindness was
the disease of lens with 35 cases (44.9%), which is cataract development with
21 cases (26.9%) and congenital cataract with (18.0%). Boys have higher
frequency of getting blind compared to girls, with 3:1 ratio. From 78 cases
reported, 33 cases came from age group 6-9 years old, a school-aged child which
was the highest frequency of age group

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