Efek Substitusi Konsentrat Dengan Daun Kering Kaliandra (Calliandra Calothyrsus) Dalam Ransum Sapi Perah Terhadap Kuantitas Dan Kualitas Susu, Bobot Badan Dan Pendapatan Peternak (Effect Of Calliandra (Calliandra Calothyrsus) Dry Leaf To Substitute Concentrate In Dairy Feed On The Quantity And Quality Of Milk Yield, Animal Weight And Farmer’s Income)
Willyan Djaja, S. Kuswaryan, U.H. Tanuwiria
Calliandra, daun kering, Dry Leaf Milk Yield, farmers' income., hasil susu, kaliandra, kualitas susu, milk quality, pendapatan peternak
The research was conducted at Harapan Jaya dairy cattle group, Haurngombong village, Tanjungsari, Sumedang. The objective of the research was id study the role of kaliandra (CALLIANDRA CALOTHYSUS) dry leaf substituting the dairy cattle concentrate on; quality and quantity of milk yield, animal weight, and farmer’s income. The treatments were divided into four : R1 (rice straw + l00% concentrate), R2 (nec straw + 90% concentrate + 10% Kaliandra leaf) R3 (rice straw + 80% concentrate + 20% Kaliandra leaf), and R4 (rice Straw + 70% concentrate + 30% Kaliandra leaf). The 16 heads of dairy cattle were divided into four blocks and replicated four times each. The experiment was done based on a randomized block design for milk quantity and quality and the mean of treatment was statistically analyzed using orthogonal contrast. The farmer’s net income was analyzed based on the partial budget analysis The result showed that concentrate Substitution by Calliandra dry leaf up to 20% level affected the 4% FCM milk yield but it did not affect the milk quality and average daily gain and also raise of the farmer’s income, lt is suggested that 20% subtitution of the concentrate by Calliandra leaf is the best level to increase the milk production and to give economic use.