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Pediatric Retinal Detachment in Indonesia: Clinical Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Treatment Outcomes

Pediatric Retinal Detachment in Indonesia: Clinical Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Treatment Outcomes
Irawati Irfani, Arief S. Kartasasmita
Universitas Padjadjaran, Open Journal of Ophthalmology, 2017, 7, 249-255, ISSN Online: 2165-7416 ISSN Print: 2165-7408, https://doi.org/10.4236/ojoph.2017.74033, http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojoph
Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, Open Journal of Ophthalmology, 2017, 7, 249-255, ISSN Online: 2165-7416 ISSN Print: 2165-7408, https://doi.org/10.4236/ojoph.2017.74033, http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojoph
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Purpose: To describe the clinical features and risk factors of pediatric retinal detachment among patients in Indonesia. Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 46 eyes of 34 children (younger than 18 years) diagnosed with pediatric retinal detachment. A detailed history was taken and a complete ophthalmic examination and a systemic examination were performed as required. Clinical characteristics, risk factors, and treatment choices were noted. Retinal detachment was categorized as tractional, exudative, or rhegmatogenous. Results: Mean patient age was 8.5 years (range, 0–18 years). Most patients (70%) were boys. Twelve (35%) patients had bilateral involvement at presentation. Tractional retinal detachment was found in 17 eyes (37%) and in this study was caused by retinopathy of prematurity (grade IVV) in all cases. Exudative retinal detachment was found in 12 eyes (26%), the most common causes of which were panuveitis and Coat’s disease (both 50%). Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment was found in 17 eyes (37%), the most common risk factor for which was trauma (58%). Conclusions: Different approaches are needed to treat pediatric retina detachment in patients with different risk factors. Recognition of risk factors and early management will help to prevent childhood blindness due to retinal detachment.

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