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Drowning in 12-month-old Boy Who Was Later Diagnosed with Epilepsy: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Drowning in 12-month-old Boy Who Was Later Diagnosed with Epilepsy: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Heda Melinda Nataprawira, Nelly Amalia Risan, Yogi Agustian, Evelyn Phangkawira
Universitas Padjadjaran, American Journal of Medical Case Reports, 2015, Vol. 3, No. 8, 257-264, Available online at http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/3/8/10, DOI:10.12691/ajmcr-3-8-10
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Universitas Padjadjaran, American Journal of Medical Case Reports, 2015, Vol. 3, No. 8, 257-264, Available online at http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmcr/3/8/10, DOI:10.12691/ajmcr-3-8-10
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Introduction: Drowning is an event of respiratory disturbances due to submersion in water, resulting insurvival with or without complications, or death. Several risk factors for drowning are epilepsy, male, intentional accidents (neglected/abused or murdered), and lack of supervision. Objective: The aim of this study is to describe a case of drowning, with epilepsy as a risk factor. Case Presentation: A 12-month-old boy was presented due todrowning in a fish pond. He was referred from a district hospital after receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation. There was an escalation in respiratory problems. While he was planned for discharge he had general tonic clonic seizure. After conducting electroencephalogram, he was diagnosed with epilepsy. We can’t identify whether he drowned due to lack of supervision or seizure in the pond. Conclusion: Finding a risk factor is one of the most important management in drowning. Epilepsy is one of the risk factor, which symptom is not always noticed by parents. Although denied, we still have to do rigorous anamnesis to find epilepsy until it is proven otherwise.

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