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Diagnostic Value Of C-reactive Protein And Neutrophil-limphocyte Ratio In Perforated Appendicitis At Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung

Diagnostic Value Of C-reactive Protein And Neutrophil-limphocyte Ratio In Perforated Appendicitis At Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung
Reno Rudiman, Tommy Ruchimat, Yohanes Ferdinand
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Surgery Journal October 2017 Vol 4 Issue 10, pISSN 2349-3305 eISSN 2349-2902, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20174488, http://www.ijsurgery.com
Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Surgery Journal October 2017 Vol 4 Issue 10, pISSN 2349-3305 eISSN 2349-2902, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20174488, http://www.ijsurgery.com
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Background: The diagnosis of appendicitis depends on the subjective criteria of clinical examination. However, distinguishing acute perforated appendicitis (local peritonitis) and non-perforated is often difficult especially in the elderly population that usually not clinically specific unless it has developed into generalized peritonitis. Between the non-perforated acute appendicitis and perforate should be distinguished because of different surgical approaches. Creactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios are known to be associated with various conditions such as malignancy, heart disease, and inflammation, including acute perforated appendicitis. This examination not only is cheaper, but also feasible and available in peripheral hospitals compared to other supports such as ultrasound or CT scan, but this examination has not been routinely used so the purpose of this study is to examine the diagnostic accuracy of both laboratory parameters so as to assist a surgeon to determine whether the case of appendicitis has been perforated or not and can provide information to patients and the families about the diseases and surgical techniques to be performed. Methods: This study used cross sectional analytic in two groups, appendicitis with and without perforation group to know the value of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictor value, negative predictor value, from CRP and RNL in both groups. Results: Of the 46 patients who met the inclusion criteria, the mean age of patients with perforated appendicitis was 33.73±17.101, male sex counted 26 patients (56.5%) and women 20 patients (43.5%). Based on ROC curve analysis, CRP = 76,65 and RNL = 8,825 were obtained, and sensitivity, specificity, positive guess, negative prediction and accuracy value for CRP were 88.0%, 71.4%, 78 %, 5%, 83.3% and 80.4%; While for RNL of 64.0%, 80.9%, 80.0%, NDN, and 71.7%. Conclusions: CRP and RNL have a strong diagnostic value and is moderately strong in cases of perforated appendicitis.

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