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Major Staple Food To Secure Food Availability In Napan Village, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia

Major Staple Food To Secure Food Availability In Napan Village, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia
Reginawanti Hindersah, Nia Kurniati, Betty Rubiati, Helza Nova Lita
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 9, Issue, 1(C), pp. 23063-23066, January, 2018, ISSN: 0976-3031, DOI: 10.24327/IJRSR, Available Online at http://www.recentscientific.com
Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 9, Issue, 1(C), pp. 23063-23066, January, 2018, ISSN: 0976-3031, DOI: 10.24327/IJRSR, Available Online at http://www.recentscientific.com
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Agrarian reform is a way to create inclusivity and sustainable food security in underdeveloped regions. However the issue of inequitable distribution in under-develop region is not the only problem of agrarian reform. The fundamentals of agrarian matters include farmer access to better staple food production. The objective of this study was to get information regarding the production system of local tubers and cereals in Napan Village. The study was carried out by qualitative method by using of a focus group discussion directed by probe questions. The results verified that the most important major staple food in Napan was tuber which includes sweet potato, yam and cassava as well as cereals which include corn, pigeon pea and lablab-bean. All staple food is consumed nearly daily with simple cooking method. Farmers cultivated those all staple food in their home garden except lablab bean which grow naturally. Low productivity and low quality of staple food were caused by limited agricultural input and technology. This study suggested that all staple food was still important food for Napan’s people diet. Improved technology is needed to better plant production and to sustain food availability throughout the year.

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