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Community Composition And Species Diversity Of Fruit-eatinginsects Of Gymnacranthera Paniculata, Macaranga Aleuritoides And Mastixiodendron Pachyclado In A Papua New Guinea Primary Forest

Community Composition And Species Diversity Of Fruit-eatinginsects Of Gymnacranthera Paniculata, Macaranga Aleuritoides And Mastixiodendron Pachyclado In A Papua New Guinea Primary Forest
Kari Iamba, Patrick S. Michael, Danar Dono, Yusup Hidayat, Vojtech Novotny
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Journal of Environmental & Agriculture Research (IJOEAR) [Vol-4, Issue-3, March- 2018], ISSN:[2454-1850]
Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, International Journal of Environmental & Agriculture Research (IJOEAR) [Vol-4, Issue-3, March- 2018], ISSN:[2454-1850]
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Community composition and species diversity of fruit-eating-insects were studied in a primary forest at Wanang, Madang, Papua New Guinea (PNG) using fruits regularly sampled and insects attacking them reared, preserved and identified. Sampling was done in different areas of the forest including low and high abundance of the host trees. Fruits of three predominant host trees, G. paniculata (Myristicaceae), M. aleuritoides (Euphorbiaceae) and M. pachyclados (Rubiaceae) were regularly collected and insects associated with them studied. The emergence from the fruits were 13 insect families and 16 species from G. paniculata, 17 insect families and 21 species from M. aleuritoides and 17 insect families and 25 species from M. pachyclados. Diversity assessment showed M. pachyclados was more diverse (H=2.0258) followed by G. paniculata (H=2.007). M. aleuritoides was the least diverse (H=1.443). A high percentage of scavengers and wood eaters were found in G. paniculata and M. aleuritoides. In M. pachyclados, more seed eaters, chewers and parasitoids were found instead. These results have implications for management of the community composition and diversity of the fruit-eating insects of the three host three species.

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