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Vurnerability Assessment of Climate Change on Agriculture Sector in the South Sumatra Province, Indonesia

Vurnerability Assessment of Climate Change on Agriculture Sector in the South Sumatra Province, Indonesia
Ruminta, Handoko
Universitas Padjadjaran, Asian Journal of Crop Science 8 (2): 31-42, 2016, ISSN 1994-7879, DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2016.31.42, http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/ajcs/2016/31-42.pdf
Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, Asian Journal of Crop Science 8 (2): 31-42, 2016, ISSN 1994-7879, DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2016.31.42, http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/ajcs/2016/31-42.pdf
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Background and Objective: There is strong evidence that climate change causes the annual increase of average global temperature, changes in rainfall patterns, the increase of sea levels and the rise of frequency and intensity of extreme weather. Climate change influen agriculture such as the way crops grow, develop and yield. Agriculture is vital to the progress of Indonesia, because more than 60%population depend on agriculture for their livelihood. The contribution of the agricultural sector to the total economy, however challenged by its vulnerability to climate change. Study on vulnerability in agricultural sector due to climate change has beeimplemented in South Sumatra Indonesia. The objectives of this study are to assess the evidence of climate change, the level vulnerability and identify areas that high level of vulnerability in agricultural sector in that region. Materials and Methods: Materials this study is data of climate, agroclimate and staple food crops (Paddy, corn, soybean) and socio-economic that obtained by survey, interviews, public hearings and data collection from some relevant sources. Methods of this study is descriptive explanatory that using the concept of vulnerability assessment. Vulnerability is a function of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Results: The results this study indicate that to some extent in South Sumatra has experienced climate change shown by the changing patterns of tempertature, rainfall, hythergraph and Oldeman classification. The high exposure showed in South Sumatra such as Banyuasin and Ogan Komering Ilir. Most districts of South Sumatera is dominated by very high sensitivity. Some areas of South Sumatra such as Lubuk Linggau and Pagar Alam have very high adaptive capacity. South Sumatra experience high level of vulnerability to climate change. Conclusion: The areas that shown experience high level of vulnerability of decreasing production of wetland paddy, upland paddy, corn and soybean respectively are East Ogan Komering Ulu, Muara Enim, Musi Banyuasin and East Ogan Komering Ulu. Generally, South Sumatra Indonesia has high vulnerability and risk in agricultural sector. High vulnerability and risk in agricultural sector will disrupt food security in Indonesia.

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