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THE COSTS OF REACHING PEOPLE WHO INJECT DRUGS (PWIDS): A COSTS ANALYSIS OF PWIDS OUTREACH PROGRAM (CASE STUDY OF NGO GRAPIKS, BANDUNG)

THE COSTS OF REACHING PEOPLE WHO INJECT DRUGS (PWIDS): A COSTS ANALYSIS OF PWIDS OUTREACH PROGRAM (CASE STUDY OF NGO GRAPIKS, BANDUNG)
JORGHI VADRA
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Inggris
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28.8% of 620,000 of estimated people living with HIV/AIDS in Indonesia are Injecting drug users (PWIDs). An outreach program to better care this high-risk group is necessary, and an economic analysis is need to show the costs of the program as an input to policy making. Direct costs data were collected by interviewing an NGOs which is focusing on the PWIDs group in Bandung City, West Java. Indirect costs were estimated by interviewing PWIDs who were covered by this program. All data were collected in 2017 and using rupiah (IDR) as currency. Total direct cost incurred in this program were IDR 883,707,046.46 (IDR 1,077,691.52/per patient). Cost items include personnel (31.3%), supplies (20.5%), activities (41.9%), training (3.5%), equipment and building costs (2.8%). PWIDs outreach program direct cost is twice of the transgender and male-having-sex-with-male outreach program, and it is more than twenty times higher than female sex workers outreach program (more specifically on the activity cost). Given the importance of PWIDs within the HIV/AIDS epidemic, further research on the effectiveness of the program is required in comparison with other outreach programs.