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Mental Health of the Oppressed: Poverty, Women, and Common Mental Disorders

Mental Health of the Oppressed: Poverty, Women, and Common Mental Disorders
Muhamad Fadillah
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Inggris
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The previous studies of mental health have largely treated two important social structures, class and gender, as mere individual differences. This study estimates the two social structures and their interrelatedness with common mental disorders, indicated by depressive symptoms in accordance to Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) utilizing a cross-sectional data from the fifth wave of Indonesia Family Life Survey in 2014. Using Rasch model and Logistic Regression estimate, there are two important findings in this research: (1) female gender and poverty, indicated by per capita expenditure, relate positively to an individual’s common mental disorders (p<0.01); (2) within the female population, women who are employed, Javanese, have children, and who participate more in society are reported to have a higher probability of experiencing depressive symptoms (p<0.01). This study implies that in the prevention of the prevalence of common mental disorders, policymakers should aim to include a gender-sensitive approach to mental health studies and policymaking.