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The Difference of Nutritional Intake Insmoker and Non-smoker Adolescents

The Difference of Nutritional Intake Insmoker and Non-smoker Adolescents
Meita Dhamayanti, Dewi Marhaeni Diah Herawati, Rizki Handayani, Muhammad Akbar Tirtosudiro, Nenden Shinta Mardiana
Universitas Padjadjaran, ┬ęScience and Education Publishing, American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 2017, Vol. 5, No. 4, 52-54, https://pubs.sciepub.com/ajcmr/5/4/3, DOI:10.12691/ajcmr-5-4-3
Bahasa Inggris
Universitas Padjadjaran, ┬ęScience and Education Publishing, American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 2017, Vol. 5, No. 4, 52-54, https://pubs.sciepub.com/ajcmr/5/4/3, DOI:10.12691/ajcmr-5-4-3
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The prevalence of adolescent smoker is increasing as they started smoke at an earlier age. Nicotine is one of subtances in cigarettes that might decrease the appetite than decrease nutritional intake. The aim of this study to compare the nutritional intake in smoker and non smoker in adolescent. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted during February to April 2016 on male adolescent aged 10-19 years in elementary and high school in Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia. The single interviews 24-hours recall was performed to assess the nutritional intake .The 159 subjects were selected by random sampling, consisted of 78 smokers and 81 non-smokers The mean difference of carbohydrate, protein and fat intake were analyzed using the t-test with a p-value <0.05 considered as significant. There were significant differences between smoker and non-smoker adolescent in the carbohydrate intake (131.52 g; 162.45 g), protein (36.10 g; 42.54 g) and fat (36.59 g; 40.98 g). It was concluded that there were significant differences in carbohydrate, protein and fat intakes in smokers and in non-smokers adolescents.

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